If you have questions, comments or concerns about the F.A.Q. please
contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Is Linux Kernel Free Software?
Linux kernel is released under GNU GPL version 2 and is therefore Free
Software as defined by the Free Software Foundation. You may read the
entire copy of the license in the COPYING file distributed with each
release of the Linux kernel.
What does "stable/EOL" and "longterm" mean?
As kernels move from the "mainline" into the "stable" category, two
things can happen:
- They can reach "End of Life" after a few bugfix revisions, which
means that kernel maintainers will release no more bugfixes for this
kernel version, or
- They can be put into "longterm" maintenance, which means that
maintainers will provide bugfixes for this kernel revision for a
much longer period of time.
If the kernel version you are using is marked "EOL," you should consider
upgrading to the next major version as there will be no more bugfixes
provided for the kernel version you are using.
Please check the Releases page for more info.
Why are there files that are dated tomorrow?
All timestamps on kernel.org are in UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). If
you live in the western hemisphere your local time lags behind UTC.
Under Linux/Unix, type date -u to get the current time in UTC.
Can I get an account on kernel.org?
Kernel.org accounts are not given away very often, usually you need to
be making some reasonable amount of contributions to the Linux kernel
and have a good reason for wanting / needing an account. If you really
feel that you should have an account please e-mail the following to
- full name
- desired username
- email address where to forward your email@example.com mail
- reason for requiring a kernel.org account
- reference to kernel work you've done
- PGP/GPG public key fingerprint (NOT your ssh key)
- Key should be signed by as many kernel developers as you know
- Accounts will not be issued until key carries enough signatures
- Key and signatures must be available on public key servers
The Kernel.org admin team will then review your request and let you know
Please note that The Linux Kernel Organization, Inc. reserves the right
to refuse service to anyone, for any reason.
I have cool project X, can you guys mirror it for me?
Probably not. Kernel.org deals with the Linux kernel, various
distributions of the kernel and larger repositories of packages. We do
not mirror individual projects, software, etc as we feel there are
better places providing mirrors for those kinds of repositories. If you
feel that kernel.org should mirror your project, please contact
firstname.lastname@example.org with the following information:
- project name
- project website
- detailed project description
- reason for wanting us to mirror
The Kernel.org admin team will then review your request and talk to you
about it. As with any kind of account on kernel.org it's up to the
discretion of the admin team.
How does kernel.org provide its users access to the git trees?
We are using an access control system called gitolite, originally
written and maintained by Sitaram Chamarty. We chose gitolite for a
number of reasons:
- Limiting of ssh access to the system
- Fine grained control over repository access
- Well maintained and supported code base
- Responsive development
- Broad and diverse install base
As well at the time of deployment the code had undergone an external
How do I create an -rc kernel? I get "Reversed patch detected!"
-rc kernel patches are generated from the base stable release.
For example: to create the 2.6.14-rc5 kernel, you must:
- download 2.6.13 (not 22.214.171.124)
- and then apply the 2.6.14-rc5 patch.
Yes, you want 2.6.13, not 2.6.14. Remember, that's an -rc kernel, as in, 2.6.14 doesn't exist yet. :)
Where can I find kernel 2.4.20-3.16?
Kernel version numbers of this form are distribution kernels, meaning
they are modified kernels produced by distributions. Please contact the
relevant distributor; or check out https://mirrors.kernel.org/.
See the Releases page for more info on distribution kernels.
I need help building/patching/fixing Linux kernel/modules/drivers!
Please see the Kernel Newbies website.
There is also a wealth of knowledge on many topics involving Linux at
The Linux Documentation Project (http://www.tldp.org)
For finding or reporting bugs, look through the archives for the various
Linux mailing lists, and if no specific list seems appropriate, try the
browsing the Linux Kernel Mailing List.
What happened to ftp.kernel.org?
FTP service was terminated on March 1, 2017. All content that used to be
available via ftp.kernel.org can be accessed by browsing
https://www.kernel.org/pub/. If you would like to use a command-line
tool for accessing these files, you can do so with lftp:
When will the next kernel be released?
The next kernel will be released when it is ready. There is no strict
timeline for making releases, but if you really need an educated guess,
visit the Linux kernel PHB Crystal Ball -- it tries to provide a
ballpark guess based on previous kernel release schedule.
What will go into the next release?
It is hard to predict with certainty, but you can either take a peek at
linux-next or read the Linux Weather Forecast, where Jonathan
Corbet provides a broad forecast of what will likely be included into
the next mainline release.